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Spontaneous abortion (Miscarriage) : Overview

What is a miscarriage?

A miscarriage, or miscarriage, is an occasion 
that leads to the loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It typically happens during the primary trimester, or first three months, of the pregnancy.

Miscarriages can happen for a spread 
of medical reasons, many of which aren’t within a person’s control. But knowing the danger factors, signs, and causes can assist you to raised understand the event and obtain any support or treatment you'll need.


Miscarriage signs

The symptoms of a miscarriage vary, counting on 
your stage of pregnancy. In some cases, it happens so quickly that you simply might not even know you’re pregnant before you miscarry.

Here are a number of 
the symptoms of a miscarriage:


Ø  heavy spotting

Ø  vaginal bleeding

Ø  discharge of tissue or fluid from your vagina

Ø  severe abdominal pain or cramping

Ø  mild to severe back pain

Call your doctor directly 
if you experience any of those symptoms during your pregnancy. It’s also possible to possess these symptoms without experiencing a miscarriage. But your doctor will want to conduct tests to form sure that everything is ok.


Miscarriage causes

While there are some things that increase the danger 
of miscarriage, generally it isn’t a results of something that you simply did or didn’t do. If you’re having difficulty maintaining pregnancy, your doctor may check for a few known causes of miscarriage.

During pregnancy, your body supplies hormones and nutrients to your developing fetus. This helps your fetus grow. Most trimester 
miscarriages happen because the fetus doesn’t develop normally. There are various factors which will cause this.


Genetic or chromosome issues

Chromosomes hold genes. during a 
developing fetus, one set of chromosomes is contributed by the mother and another by the daddy.

Examples of these chromosome abnormalities include:


Ø     Intrauterine fetal demise: The embryo forms but stops developing before you see or feel symptoms of pregnancy loss.

Ø     Blighted ovum: No embryo forms in the least .

Ø     Molar pregnancy: Both sets of chromosomes come from the daddy , no fetal development occurs.

Ø     Partial molar pregnancy: The mother’s chromosomes remain, but the daddy has also provided two sets of chromosomes.

Errors also can 
occur randomly when the cells of the embryo divide, or thanks to a damaged egg or sperm . Problems with the placenta also can cause a miscarriage.


Underlying conditions and lifestyle habits

Various underlying health conditions and lifestyle habits can also 
interfere with the event of a fetus. Exercise and sexual activity don't cause miscarriages. Working won’t affect the fetus either, unless you’re exposed to harmful chemicals or radiation.

Conditions which will 
interfere with fetus development include:


Ø  poor diet, or malnutrition

Ø  drug and alcohol use

Ø  advanced maternal age

Ø  untreated thyroid disease

Ø  issues with hormones

Ø  uncontrolled diabetes

Ø  infections

Ø  trauma

Ø  obesity

Ø  problems with the cervix

Ø  abnormally shaped uterus

Ø  severe high vital sign

Ø  food poisoning

Ø  certain medications


Miscarriage risk

Most miscarriages are thanks to 
natural and unpreventable causes. However, certain risk factors can increase your chances of getting a miscarriage. These include:


Ø  body trauma

Ø  exposure to harmful chemicals or radiation

Ø  drug use

Ø  alcohol abuse

Ø  excessive caffeine consumption

Ø  smoking

Ø  two or more consecutive miscarriages

Ø  being underweight or overweight

Ø  chronic, uncontrolled conditions, like diabetes

Ø  problems with the uterus or cervix

Being older also can 
affect your risk for miscarriage. Women who are over 35 years old have a better risk of miscarriage than women who are younger. This risk only increases within the following years.

Having one miscarriage doesn’t increase your risk for having other miscarriages. In fact, most girls 
will continue to hold a baby term. Repeated miscarriages are literally quite rare.


Miscarriage prevention

Not all miscarriages are often 
prevented. However, you'll take steps to assist maintain a healthy pregnancy. Here are a couple of recommendations:


Ø  Get regular prenatal care throughout your pregnancy.

Ø  Avoid alcohol, drugs, and smoking while pregnant.

Ø  Maintain a healthy weight before and through pregnancy.

Ø  Avoid infections. Wash your hands thoroughly, and stand back from people that are already sick.

Ø  Limit the quantity of caffeine to no quite 200 milligrams per day.

Ø  Take prenatal vitamins to assist make sure that you and your developing fetus get enough nutrients.

Ø  Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet with many fruits and vegetables.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of


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