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Viral Exanthem : Introduction , Risk Factors , Sign and Symptoms , Treatment


Viral exanthem, also referred to as 
non-specific viral rash, may be a rash caused by a virus infection . Many viruses can cause a similar-appearing rash, so it's difficult to inform which one is that the culprit. Your age, duration of illness, and other symptoms may suggest which virus is that the cause. Respiratory and stomach (gastrointestinal) viruses are common causes of such a rash.


Who's at risk?

Viral exanthem is common in children and young adults who aren't 
yet resistant to variety of common viral infections. When an adult gets a non-specific viral rash, it'd be caused by a drug reaction.


Signs and Symptoms

A widespread rash of pink-to-red spots or bumps occurs totally on 
the trunk, arms, and legs. The rash may or may not be itchy. Sometimes, the person doesn't feel well and may need a fever, fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, aches and pains, and irritability.


Self-Care Guidelines


Ø     For mild symptoms, no treatment is required, as the rash and illness often last only a few days and then go away.

Ø     Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) may be helpful in lowering the fever and reducing aches and pains.

Ø     Drink plenty of liquids and get lots of bed rest.


When to Seek Medical Care

See your doctor if you have any of the following:

Ø  A temperature over 101 degrees that lasts more than a day

Ø  Severe headache, stiff neck, confusion, unconsciousness, or seizures

Ø  Diarrhea and/or vomiting and severe abdominal pain

Ø  Severe cough or sputum with pus or blood

Ø  Spots, swelling, and redness on the palms or soles, blisters, swollen and painful joints

Ø  Red eyes, mouth, or tongue

Ø  Rash that is bright red and does not fade (blanch) with finger pressure


Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe

Blood tests or procedures to grow out viruses or bacteria (cultures) could also be 
done to seem for more serious causes of your rash.

If a significant bacterial or other infection is suspected, antibiotics could also be given.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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