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Mood disorders : Introduction , Symptoms , Causes , Risk Factors


If you've got 
a mood disorder, your general spirit or mood is distorted or inconsistent together with your along with your" together with your circumstances and interferes with your ability to function. You may be extremely sad, empty or irritable (depressed), otherwise you may have periods of depression alternating with being excessively happy (mania).

Anxiety disorders also can 
affect your mood and sometimes occur along side depression. Mood disorders may increase your risk of suicide.

What causes mood disorders?

There could also be 
several underlying factors, counting on the sort of the disorder. Various genetic, biological, environmental, and other factors are related to mood disorders.


Risk factors include:


Ø     Family history

Ø     Previous diagnosis of a mood disorder

Ø     Trauma, stress or major life changes in the case of depression

Ø     Physical illness or use of certain medications. Depression has been linked to major diseases such as cancer, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease and heart disease.

Ø     Brain structure and function in the case of bipolar disorder


What are the symptoms of common mood disorders?

Symptoms depend upon 
the sort of mood disorder that's present.

Symptoms of major depression may include:


Ø  Feeling sad most of the time or nearly every day

Ø  Lack of energy or feeling sluggish

Ø  Feeling worthless or hopeless

Ø  Loss of appetite or overeating

Ø  Gaining weight or losing weight

Ø  Loss of interest in activities that formerly brought enjoyment

Ø  Sleeping too much or not enough

Ø  Frequent thoughts about death or suicide

Ø  Difficulty concentrating or focusing


Symptoms of manic depression 
may include both depression and mania.


Symptoms of hypomanic or manic episodes include:


Ø  Feeling extremely energized or elated

Ø  Rapid speech or movement

Ø  Agitation, restlessness, or irritability

Ø  Risk-taking behavior, such as spending too much money or driving recklessly

Ø  Unusual increase in activity or trying to do too many things at once

Ø  Racing thoughts

Ø  Insomnia or trouble sleeping

Ø  Feeling jumpy or on edge for no apparent reason


Treatment Options

Mood disorders are treated primarily through medications and psychotherapy. Even with treatment though, it's 
not uncommon for mood disorders to persist throughout a lifetime or to return and continue occasion. Education about mood disorders help individuals affected by these conditions recognize patterns of behavior and thought that are indicative of a mood disorder resurfacing – and prompt them to seek additional treatment.

Typically, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications are prescribed to individuals coping with mood disorders to alleviate emotional distress. Even with medications though, most psychological state 
providers recommend them together with psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy, or talk therapy, is focused on changing thought patterns and behaviors. Cognitive behavioral therapy is usually 
considered the benchmark therapy treatment for people living with mood disorders. It has been found to have significant positive treatment effects, and in some cases, psychotherapy alone is enough to treat a mood disorder.

Some mood disorders, like 
bipolar depression, are usually treated with lifelong medication of mood stabilizers combined with psychotherapy. In addition, the severity of some mood disorders may cause hospitalization, especially if the affected individuals has tried to inflict harm on themselves or others or have thoughts or attempted suicide.

When to see a doctor

If you're concerned that you simply 
may have a mood disorder, make a meeting to ascertain your doctor or a psychological state professional as soon as you'll . If you're reluctant to seek treatment, talk to a friend or loved one, a faith leader, or someone else you trust.

Talk to a health care professional if you:


Ø     Feel like your emotions are interfering with your work, relationships, social activities or other parts of your life

Ø     Have trouble with drinking or drugs

Ø     Have suicidal thoughts or behaviors — seek emergency treatment immediately

Your mood disorder is unlikely to easily 
get away on its own, and it's going to worsen over time. Seek professional help before your mood disorder becomes severe — it's going to be easier to treat early.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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