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Sleep and Sleep Disorders : Introduction , Symptoms , Causes , Medical Treatment

What are sleep disorders?

Sleep disorders are a gaggle 
of conditions that affect the power to sleep well on a daily basis. Whether they are caused by a health problem or by too much stress. In fact, more than one-third of adults Trusted Source in the Nation report getting fewer than 7 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period. More than 70 percent Trusted Source of high school students report getting fewer than 8 hours of sleep on weeknights.

Most people occasionally experience sleeping problems thanks to 
stress, hectic schedules, and other outside influences. However, when these issues begin to occur on a regular basis and interfere with daily life, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.

Depending on the sort 
of disorder, people may have a difficult time falling asleep and should feel extremely tired throughout the day. The lack of sleep can have a negative impact on energy, mood, concentration, and overall health.

In some cases, sleep disorders are often 
a symbol of another medical or psychological state condition. These sleeping problems may eventually get away once treatment is obtained for the underlying cause.

When sleep disorders aren’t caused by another condition, treatment normally involves a mixture of medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

It’s important to receive a diagnosis and treatment directly if you think you would possibly have a disorder . When left untreated, the negative effects of sleep disorders can lead to further health consequences.

They can also affect your performance at work, cause strain in relationships, and impair your ability to perform daily activities.


What are the symptoms of sleep disorders?

Symptoms differ counting on 
the severity and sort of sleeping disorder. They may also vary when sleep disorders are results of another condition.

However, general symptoms of sleep disorders include:


Ø  difficulty falling or staying asleep

Ø  daytime fatigue

Ø  strong urge to take naps during the day

Ø  unusual breathing patterns

Ø  unusual or unpleasant urges to move while falling asleep

Ø  unusual movement or other experiences while asleep

Ø  unintentional changes to your sleep/wake schedule

Ø  irritability or anxiety

Ø  impaired performance at work or school

Ø  lack of concentration

Ø  depression

Ø  weight gain


What causes sleep disorders?

There are many conditions, diseases, and disorders which will 
cause sleep disturbances. In many cases, sleep disorders develop as results of an underlying ill health.


Allergies and respiratory problems

Allergies, colds, and upper respiratory infections can make it challenging to breathe at night. The inability to breathe through your nose also can 
cause sleeping difficulties.


Frequent urination

Nocturia, or frequent urination, may disrupt your sleep by causing you to wake up during the night. Hormonal imbalances and diseases of the urinary tract may contribute to the development of this condition.

Be sure to call your doctor right away if frequent urination is accompanied by bleeding or pain.


Chronic pain

Constant pain can make it difficult to fall asleep. It might even wake you up after you fall asleep. Some of the most common causes of chronic pain include:


Ø  Arthritis

Ø  Chronic fatigue syndrome

Ø  Fibromyalgia

Ø  Inflammatory bowel disease

Ø  Persistent headaches

Ø  Continuous lower back pain

In some cases, chronic pain may even be exacerbated by sleep disorders. For instance, doctors believe the development of fibromyalgia might be linked to sleeping problems.


Stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety often have a negative impact on sleep quality. It can be difficult for you to fall asleep or to stay asleep. Nightmares, sleep talking, or sleepwalking may also disrupt your sleep.


How are sleep disorders diagnosed?

Your doctor will first perform a physical exam and gather information about your symptoms and medical record 
They may also order various tests, including:



Ø    Polysomnography (PSG): This is a lab sleep study that evaluates oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves to determine how they disrupt sleep vs. home sleep study (HST) 


Ø    Electroencephalogram (EEG): This is a test that assesses electrical activity in the brain and detects any potential problems associated with this activity. It’s part of a polysomnography.


Ø    Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT): This daytime napping study is used in conjunction with a PSG at night to help diagnose narcolepsy.


How are sleep disorders treated?

Treatment for sleep disorders can vary depending on the type and underlying cause. However, it generally includes a combination of medical treatments and lifestyle changes.


Medical treatments

Medical treatment for sleep disturbances might include any of the following:

Ø  Sleeping pills

Ø  Melatonin supplements

Ø  Allergy or cold medication

Ø  Medications for any underlying health issues

Ø  Breathing device or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)

Ø  A dental guard (usually for teeth grinding)


Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle adjustments can greatly improve your quality of sleep, especially when they’re done along side 
medical treatments. You may want to consider:


Ø  Incorporating more vegetables and fish into your diet, and reducing sugar intake

Ø  Reducing stress and anxiety by exercising and stretching

Ø  Creating and sticking to a regular sleeping schedule

Ø  Drinking less water before bedtime

Ø  Limiting your caffeine intake, especially in the late afternoon or evening

Ø  Decreasing tobacco and alcohol use

Ø  Eating smaller low carbohydrate meals before bedtime

Ø  Maintaining a healthy weight based on your doctor’s recommendations


Going to bed and waking up at the same time every day can also significantly improve your sleep quality. While you might be tempted to sleep in on the weekends, this can make it more difficult to wake up and fall asleep during the workweek.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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