Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) may be a serious condition that happens when a grume forms during a vein located deep inside your body. A blood clot is a clump of blood that’s turned to a solid state.
Deep vein blood clots typically form in your thigh or lower leg, but they will also develop in other areas of your body. Other names related to this condition may include thromboembolism, post-thrombotic syndrome, and postphlebitic syndrome.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, symptoms of DVT only occur in about half of the people who have this condition. Common symptoms include:
Ø swelling in your foot, ankle, or leg, usually on one side
Ø cramping pain in your affected leg that usually begins in your calf
Ø severe, unexplained pain in your foot and ankle
Ø an area of skin that feels warmer than the skin on the surrounding areas
Ø skin over the affected area turning pale or a reddish or bluish color
People with an upper extremity DVT, or a grume within the arm, can also not experience symptoms. If they do, common symptoms include:
Ø neck pain
Ø shoulder pain
Ø swelling in the arm or hand
Ø blue-tinted skin color
Ø pain that moves from the arm to the forearm
Ø weakness in the hand
People may not find out that they have deep vein thrombosis until they’ve gone through emergency treatment for a pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lung).
A embolism can happen when a DVT clot has moved from the arm or leg into the lung. When an artery in the lung becomes blocked, it’s a life-threatening condition and requires emergency care.
DVT is caused by a blood clot. The clot blocks a vein, preventing blood from properly circulating in your body. Clotting may occur for several reasons. These include:
Ø Injury. Damage to a blood vessel’s wall can narrow or block blood flow. A blood clot may form as a result.
Ø Surgery. Blood vessels can be damaged during surgery, which can lead to the development of a blood clot. Bed rest with little to no movement after surgery can also increase your risk for developing a grume .
Ø Reduced mobility or inactivity. When you sit frequently, blood can collect in your legs, especially the lower parts. If you’re unable to move for extended periods of time, the blood flow in your legs can slow down. This can cause a clot to develop.
Ø Certain medications. Some medications increase the chances your blood will form a clot.
What medications help prevent and treat DVT?
Most DVT medications are anticoagulant drugs. Anticoagulants interfere with some a part of your body’s process that causes blood clots to make . This process is called the clotting cascade.
Anticoagulants are often wont to help prevent DVTs from forming. They can also help treat DVTs that have already formed. They do not dissolve DVTs, but they are doing help prevent them from getting bigger. This effect allows your body to break the clots down naturally. Anticoagulants also help reduce your chance of getting another DVT. You will likely use anticoagulants for a minimum of three months for both prevention and treatment. There are variety of anticoagulants that are wont to prevent and treat DVT. Some of these drugs are around for an extended time. However, many of these drugs are newer.
DVT is more likely to happen in people that move but normal. These include people that have limited movement from surgery, accident, or injury. Older people that might not move around the maximum amount also are in danger.
You may even be in danger for a DVT if you've got a condition that affects how your blood clots.
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