Mastitis is an inflammation of breast tissue that sometimes involves an infection. The inflammation leads to breast pain, swelling, warmth and redness. You might also have fever and chills.
Mastitis most ordinarily affects women who are breast-feeding (lactation mastitis). But mastitis can occur in women who aren't breast-feeding and in men.
Lactation mastitis can cause you to feel run down, making it difficult to worry for your baby. Sometimes mastitis leads a mother to wean her baby before she intends to. But continuing to breast-feed, even while taking an antibiotic to treat mastitis, is best for you and your baby.
Signs and symptoms of mastitis can appear suddenly. They may include:
Ø Breast tenderness or warmth to the touch
Ø Breast swelling
Ø Thickening of breast tissue, or a breast lump
Ø Pain or a burning sensation continuously or while breast-feeding
Ø Skin redness, often in a wedge-shaped pattern
Ø Generally feeling ill
Ø Fever of 101 F (38.3 C) or greater
When to see a doctor
See your doctor if you've got breast symptoms that concern you.
Milk that's trapped within the breast is that the main explanation for mastitis. Other causes include:
Ø A blocked milk duct. If a breast doesn't completely empty at feedings, one among your milk ducts can become clogged. The blockage causes milk to copy , resulting in breast infection.
Ø Bacteria entering your breast. Bacteria from your skin's surface and baby's mouth can enter the milk ducts through a crack within the skin of your nipple or through a milk duct opening. Stagnant milk in a breast that isn't emptied provides a breeding ground for the bacteria.
Risk factors for mastitis include:
Ø Previous bout of mastitis while breast-feeding
Ø Sore or cracked nipples — although mastitis can develop without broken skin
Ø Improper nursing technique
Ø Becoming overly tired or stressed
Ø Poor nutrition
To get your breast-feeding relationship with your infant off to its best start — and to avoid complications such as mastitis — consider meeting with a lactation consultant. A lactation consultant can give you tips and provide invaluable advice for proper breast-feeding techniques.
Minimize your chances of getting mastitis by following these tips:
Ø Fully drain the milk from your breasts while breast-feeding.
Ø Allow your baby to completely empty one breast before switching to the other breast during feeding.
Ø Change the position you use to breast-feed from one feeding to the next.
Ø Make sure your baby latches on properly during feedings.
Ø If you smoke, ask your doctor about smoking cessation.
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