Thrush (oral candidiasis), also referred to as oral moniliasis, may be a yeast infection of the mouth or throat (the oral cavity). The yeast that the majority commonly causes oral candidiasis is Candida albicans.
Who's at risk?
Thrush is very common in infants. Adults who develop thrush include:
People with diabetes or other glandular (endocrine) disorders
Ø Denture wearers
Ø People taking antibiotics
Ø Persons undergoing chemotherapy
Ø Drug users
Ø People with poor nutrition
Ø Persons who have an immune deficiency, such as HIV
Ø People who use inhaled steroids for certain lung conditions
Ø Pregnant women or women on birth control pills
Signs and Symptoms
Thrush may appear as white or straw spots on the inner surfaces of the mouth and throat, the tongue, and therefore the lips. It may resemble cottage cheese or milk curds. However, scraping off these membranes could also be difficult and should leave slightly bleeding sores.
Thrush could also be related to a burning sensation within the mouth or throat.
Thrush may make eating and drinking uncomfortable, and other people with thrush may become dehydrated. It is important to take care of good nutrition and hydration while infected with thrush. Thrush needs medications prescribed by a health care practitioner.
When to Seek Medical Care
Thrush requires prescription medication after a fast visit to the physician. People with an system deficiency need even prompter and more aggressive treatment to form certain that the yeast doesn't enter the bloodstream or infect other organs. If the white or yellow membranes of thrush are amid fever, chills, vomiting, or generalized illness, more immediate medical attention is warranted.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
Although meticulous oral hygiene practices must be followed, treatments center on killing the overgrown yeast with anti-fungal medications.
Ø Nystatin – This medicine must come into contact with the yeast in order to kill it. Nystatin comes during a suspension, or liquid, and during a lozenge, also called a troche. The suspension is swished round the mouth then swallowed. The lozenge dissolves in the mouth. Both the suspension and the lozenges are used several times a day until the lesions are completely gone.
Ø Amphotericin B suspension – The suspension is swished and swallowed several times a day until complete resolution of the lesions.
Ø Clotrimazole lozenge – The lozenge is dissolved in the mouth several times a day until the lesions have disappeared entirely.
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