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Stillbirth : Overview

What is a stillbirth?

Losing your baby between the 20th week of pregnancy and birth is named 
a stillbirth. Before the 20th week, it’s usually called a miscarriage.

Stillbirth is additionally 
classified consistent with the length of pregnancy:


Ø  20 to 27 weeks: early stillbirth

Ø  28 to 36 weeks: late stillbirth

Ø  after 37 weeks: term stillbirth

There are about 24,000 Trusted Source stillbirths a year within the 
us , estimates the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Continue reading to find out 
more about the causes, risk factors, and dealing with grief.


What are some causes of stillbirth?

Pregnancy and labor complications

Certain circumstances can make things riskier for the baby before birth. a number of 
these are:


Ø  preterm labor, likely caused by complications within the pregnancy

Ø  pregnancy lasting quite 42 weeks

Ø  carrying multiples

Ø  accident or injury during pregnancy

Pregnancy and labor complications are more commonly a explanation for 
stillbirth when labor occurs before the 24th week.

Placenta problems

The placenta provides the baby with oxygen and essential nutrients, so anything that interferes puts the baby in danger 
. Placenta problems could also be liable for almost 1 / 4 of all stillbirths.

These problems can include poor blood flow, inflammation, and infection. Another condition, placental abruption, is when the placenta separates from the uterine wall before birth.


Birth defects and other conditions within the 

About 1 of each 
10 stillbirths are often attributed to birth defects, estimates the National Institute of kid Health and Human Development. These can include:


Ø  fetal growth restriction

Ø  genetic conditions

Ø  Rh incompatibility

Ø  structural defects

Genetic defects are present at conception. Other birth defects could also be 
thanks to environmental factors, but the cause isn’t always known.
Serious birth defects or multiple birth defects can make it impossible for the baby to survive.


An infection within the 
mother, baby, or placenta can cause stillbirth. Infection because the explanation for stillbirth is more common before the 24th week.

Infections which will 
develop include:


Ø  cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Ø  fifth disease

Ø  genital herpes

Ø  listeriosis

Ø  syphilis

Ø  toxoplasmosis

Umbilical cord problems

If the duct 
becomes tangled up or squeezed, the baby can’t get enough oxygen. duct problems as a explanation for stillbirth are more likely to happen late in pregnancy.

Maternal health

The mother’s health can contribute to stillbirth. Two health conditions that more commonly arise at the top 
of the trimester and therefore the beginning of the third are preeclampsia and chronic high vital sign.

Others are:


Ø  Diabetes

Ø  Lupus

Ø  Obesity

Ø  Thrombophilia

Ø  thyroid disorders

Unexplained stillbirth

Unexplained stillbirths are more likelyTrusted Source to occur late in pregnancy. It are often 
very difficult to simply accept the unknown, but it’s important you not blame yourself.


Are there risk factors for stillbirth?

Stillbirth can happen to anyone, but risk factors may include a mother who:


Ø  has a health condition, like high vital sign or diabetes

Ø  is obese

Ø  is an adolescent or older than 35

Ø  had a previous stillbirth

Ø  experienced trauma or high stress within the year before delivery

Ø  lacks access to prenatal care

Using tobacco, marijuana, prescription painkillers, or illegal drugs during pregnancy may double or triple the danger 
of stillbirth.


What are the signs and symptoms?

You may not experience any signs or symptoms in the least 
, especially early . Some signs and symptoms are cramping, pain, or bleeding from the vagina. Another sign is that your baby stops moving.

By the time you reach the 26th to 28th week, you'll 
start a daily kick count. All babies are different, so you’ll want to urge a pity how often your baby moves.

Lie on your left side and count kicks, rolls, and even flutters. Record the amount 
of minutes it takes your baby to maneuver 10 times. Repeat this a day at an equivalent time.

If two hours pass and your baby hasn’t moved 10 times, or if there’s suddenly tons 
less movement, call your doctor.


Can it's 

Many causes and risk factors are out of your control, so stillbirth can’t be completely prevented. But there are some belongings you 
can do to lower the risk:


Ø     Have a checkup before you get pregnant again. If you've got any risk factors, like diabetes or high vital sign , work together with your doctor to manage and monitor them during pregnancy.

Ø     If the explanation for a previous stillbirth was genetic, meet with a genetic counselor before getting pregnant again.

Ø     Don’t smoke or use alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs while pregnant. If you've got a tough time quitting, ask your doctor.

Ø     Seek medical help directly if you experience bleeding or other signs of trouble during pregnancy.

One of the more important belongings you 
can do is to urge good prenatal care. If you’re pregnancy is taken into account high risk, your doctor will monitor you more frequently. If your baby shows signs of distress, emergency measures, like early delivery, could also be ready to save your baby’s life.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of



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